Table of Contents Beowulf Beowulf exemplifies the traits of the perfect hero. These two phases of his life, separated by fifty years, correspond to two different models of virtue, and much of the moral reflection in the story centers on differentiating these two models and on showing how Beowulf makes the transition from one to the other. In his youth, Beowulf is a great warrior, characterized predominantly by his feats of strength and courage, including his fabled swimming match against Breca. He also perfectly embodies the manners and values dictated by the Germanic heroic code, including loyalty, courtesy, and pride.
Overview[ edit ] Masculine qualities and roles are considered typical of, appropriate for, and expected of boys and men.
The concept of masculinity varies historically and culturally; although the dandy was seen as The heroism of beowulf essay 19th-century ideal of masculinity, he is considered effeminate by modern standards.
Both males and females can exhibit masculine traits and behavior. Those exhibiting both masculine and feminine characteristics are considered androgynousand feminist philosophers have argued that gender ambiguity may blur gender classification. Productive gender examined its role in creating power relationships, and produced gender explored the use and change of gender throughout history.
Connell wrote that these initial works were marked by a "high level of generality" in "broad surveys of cultural norms".
The scholarship was aware of contemporary societal changes aiming to understand and evolve or liberate the male role in response to feminism. Throughout history, men have met exacting cultural standards. Legends of ancient heroes include the Epic of Gilgameshthe Iliad and the Odyssey.
The stories demonstrate qualities in the hero which inspire respectsuch as wisdom and courage: The Anglo-Saxons Hengest and Horsa [ citation needed ] and Beowulf are examples of medieval masculine ideals.
According to David Rosen, the traditional view of scholars such as J. Tolkien that Beowulf is a tale of medieval heroism overlooks the similarities between Beowulf and the monster Grendel.
The masculinity exemplified by Beowulf "cut[s] men off from women, other men, passion and the household". Scottish philosopher Thomas Carlyle wrote in In an important sense there is only one complete unblushing male in America: Regardless of age or nationality, men more frequently rank good health, a harmonious family life and a good relationship with their spouse or partner as important to their quality of life.
In sociologythis labeling is known as gender assumptions and is part of socialization to meet the mores of a society. Non-standard behavior may be considered indicative of homosexualitydespite the fact that gender expression, gender identity and sexual orientation are widely accepted as distinct concepts.
Although social conditioning is believed to play a role, psychologists and psychoanalysts such as Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung believed that aspects of "feminine" and "masculine" identity are subconsciously present in all human males.
All human cultures seem to encourage gender roles in literature, costume and song; examples may include the epics of Homerthe Hengist and Horsa tales and the normative commentaries of Confucius.
Nature versus nurture[ edit ] Main article: Nature versus nurture The sources of gender identity are debated. Some believe that masculinity is linked to the male body; in this view, masculinity is associated with male genitalia.
Proponents of this view argue that women can become men hormonally and physically: Although the military has a vested interest in constructing and promoting a specific form of masculinity, it does not create it.
The social construction of gender also conceptualizes gender as a continuum. Theorists suggest one is not simply masculine or feminine, but instead may display components of both masculinity and femininity to different degrees and in particular contexts. Masculine performance varies over the life course, but also from one context to another.
For instance, the sports world may elicit more traditionally normative masculinities in participants than would other settings. Masculinities vary by social class as well. Studies suggest working class constructions of masculinity to be more normative than are those from middle class men and boys.
Hegemonic masculinity Contests of physical skill and strength appear in some form in many cultures. Marines compete in a wrestling match. Traditional avenues for men to gain honor were providing for their families and exercising leadership.Aspects of an Argumentative Essay - Aspects of an Argumentative Essay The argumentative essay is an essay in which you argue a point -- an essay in which you prove a thesis.
Hrothgar. Hrothgar, the aged ruler of the Danes who accepts Beowulf’s help in the first part of the story, aids Beowulf’s development into maturity. Masculinity (manhood or manliness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles associated with boys and r-bridal.com a social construct, it is distinct from the definition of the male biological sex.
Standards of manliness or masculinity vary across different cultures and historical periods.
Both males and females can exhibit masculine traits and behavior. “A thrill Beowulf was Tolkien’s r-bridal.comhing he did led up to or away from it.” —New Yorker J.R.R. Tolkien completed his translation of Beowulf in he returned to it later to make hasty corrections, but seems never to have considered its r-bridal.com edition includes an illuminating written commentary on the poem by the translator himself, drawn from a series of.
Beowulf Questions and Answers - Discover the r-bridal.com community of teachers, mentors and students just like you that can answer any question you might have on Beowulf. Hrothgar. Hrothgar, the aged ruler of the Danes who accepts Beowulf’s help in the first part of the story, aids Beowulf’s development into maturity.