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The upper class controls the organisation that passes laws in the country and will pass laws merely to benefit their pockets.
Actions that are defined as criminal are decided on by the upper class. According to Marxists, justice is a ruling class myth because of the large amount of bias in the justice system. This makes the lower classes look more criminal-like.
When upper class criminals are caught they are given more lenient sentences than the working class as judges tend to be brought up within an upper class family.
The nature of a capitalist society encourages working class citizens to commit crime because it generates greed and a dog eat dog attitude.
Functionalists see crime differently; they say it emphasizes the positive role that crime may have within the social system.
Sorry, but full essay samples are available only for registered users Choose a Membership Plan However both perspectives are structural theories which explain crime as a broad social phenomenon.
One way in which Marxists contribute to our understanding of crime is that they explain how the upper class are able to get the laws they want.
All laws passed are put in place to benefit the ruling class, ensuring they maintain control over the country. Agencies of the ruling class impose values on the working class to behave in the way the ruling class want them to.
The laws are simply accepted by the working class because they are unaware of the exploitation and even if they were aware, there is nothing they could do about changing these values to suit them. This is known as false class consciousness, where an ideology is forced upon working class citizens.
Pearce argues that the majority of laws in Britain and America work in favour of capitalism. He states that even laws, which appear to benefit the working class, are passed because they also benefit the upper class in some way, such as factory legislation.
This keeps the vicious cycle of false class consciousness a float because it gives the workers an impression that their bosses actually care for them. Sneider points out that no laws are ever developed which could threaten profitability for large business corporations.
Marxists also say that the upper class have the power to prevent issues from being discussed and never becoming a law, as it enables the ruling class to carry on making immoral profits and exploiting their workers.
Some laws are set to only benefit the working class, such as the minimum wage. This has no effect on the rich community.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the discipline of sociology. Sociology – the study of society using various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to understand human social activity, from the micro level of individual agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and social structure. Outline the view that crime is socially constructed The obvious definition of crime is the legal definition of an act which breaks the law. However, the Oxford English Dictionary extends this to include an act which is?injurious to the public welfare? Outline and assess the view that crime and deviance are socially constructed There has been a pleather of research regarding the issue of crime and deviance. A definition of crime and deviance can be explained in relative terms which are dependant on any particular society’s interpretation of .
Laws are also passed which do have an affect on the higher classes, otherwise too many crimes like fraud would be carried out and left alone so that corporate and white collar crime would spiral out of control and our society would not benefit from this.
Functionalists look at crime differently and say that our society is run using a value consensus, where rules are not imposed but everyone has a general agreement on what is right on wrong. Another way in which Marxists contribute to our understanding of crime is by explaining how the upper class controls the criminal justice system.
All classes in the hierarchy commit crime yet the working class are more likely to be caught and punished due to working class crimes such as burglary and drug offences tend to take place in the public domain and are easier to police.
The police also tend to focus on working class areas as the official statistics suggest that the working class commit more crime than any other class. Sutherland argues that white collar crimes and corporate crimes tend to go unnoticed as these crimes are never committed within the public domain.
The police and the public often view these crimes in a very different light to how they would view a working class crime. The home office statistics probably underestimate the extent of middle and upper class crime more than they underestimate crime from a general perspective.
Left realists argue that the damage created by working class crimes should not be ignored, violent street crime is far from what is seen as normal in our society and is still a growing problem. The media focuses more on street crimes as they are easier to sensationalise, but if a middle class crime makes it on screen and in print it will usually be equally reported by media corporations.
The Marxist perspective of crime also ignores other relevant aspects such as ethnicity. Marxists believe that the upper class receive more lenient treatment if punished through the criminal justice system. Sutherland found that middle class criminals are rarely prosecuted and have a chance to reform.
This is due to judges being middle class. They tend to have a similar background. Pearce states that any middle class prosecutions are to maintain false class consciousness.The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the discipline of sociology.
Sociology – the study of society using various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to understand human social activity, from the micro level of individual agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and social structure.
Organized Crime in the United States: Trends and Issues for Congress Congressional Research Service Summary Organized crime threatens multiple facets of the United States, including the economy and.
The conceptual history of organized crime in the U.S. and Germany is explored in a paper presented at an international conference sponsored by the University of Lausanne in October Finally, the prevailing view of organized crime places criminal organizations in a fundamental conflict with the legal institutions of society, especially.
Durkheim was the main architect of the functionalist perspective of crime. However before you examine this perspective you will need to familiarise yourself with functionalist social theory. However before you look at that, it might be useful to refresh yourself with the AS level principles of functionalism here before moving into most complex areas of the theory..
Outline the view that crime is socially constructed The obvious definition of crime is the legal definition of an act which breaks the law. However, the Oxford English Dictionary extends this to include an act which is?injurious to the public welfare?
Home > A Level and IB > Sociology > Outline and Assess Functionalist Explanations for Crime and Deviance [50 Marks] Outline and Assess Functionalist Explanations for Crime and Deviance [50 Marks] / 5.