This module also outlines some of the key topics and materials that are examined in more depth in this course. Module 2 - Milestones in the history of health promotion Module two covers the historical milestones that contributed to the development of health promotion practice in Canada as we know it today.
Pender to be a "complementary counterpart to models of health protection. Health promotion is directed at increasing a patient's level of well-being.
Health Promotion Forum of New Zealand - Runanga Whakapiki Ake i te Hauora o Aotearoa (HPF) - is the umbrella organisation for all those who identify health promotion as part of their work. Articles Values and principles evident in current health promotion practice Jane Gregg and Lily O’Hara Introduction promotion. Health literacy—the ability to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services to make appropriate health decisions—is essential to promote healthy people and communities. Health care institutions and public health systems play a critical role in health literacy, because.
The health promotion model describes the multidimensional nature of persons as they interact within their environment to pursue health.
Pender's model focuses on three areas: The theory notes that each person has unique personal characteristics and experiences that affect subsequent actions. The set of variables for behavior specific knowledge and affect have important motivational significance.
The variables can be modified through nursing actions. Health promoting behavior is the desired behavioral outcome, which makes it the end point in the Health Promotion Model.
These behaviors should result in improved health, enhanced functional ability and better quality of life at all stages of development. The final behavioral demand is also influenced by the immediate competing demand and preferences, which can derail intended actions for promoting health.
The Health Promotion Model makes four assumptions: Individuals seek to actively regulate their own behavior. Individuals, in all their biopsychosocial complexity, interact with the environment, progressively transforming the environment as well as being transformed over time.
Health professionals, such as nurses, constitute a part of the interpersonal environment, which exerts influence on people through their life span.
Self-initiated reconfiguration of the person-environment interactive patterns is essential to changing behavior. There are thirteen theoretical statements that come from the model.
They provide a basis for investigative work on health behaviors. Prior behavior and inherited and acquired characteristics influence beliefs, affect, and enactment of health-promoting behavior.
Persons commit to engaging in behaviors from which they anticipate deriving personally valued benefits.
Perceived barriers can constrain commitment to action, a mediator of behavior as well as actual behavior. Perceived competence or self-efficacy to execute a given behavior increases the likelihood of commitment to action and actual performance of the behavior. Greater perceived self-efficacy results in fewer perceived barriers to a specific health behavior.
Positive affect toward a behavior results in greater perceived self-efficacy, which can in turn, result in increased positive affect. When positive emotions or affect are associated with a behavior, the probability of commitment and action is increased.
Persons are more likely to commit to and engage in health-promoting behaviors when significant others model the behavior, expect the behavior to occur, and provide assistance and support to enable the behavior. Families, peers, and health care providers are important sources of interpersonal influence that can increase or decrease commitment to and engagement in health-promoting behavior.
Situational influences in the external environment can increase or decrease commitment to or participation in health-promoting behavior. The greater the commitments to a specific plan of action, the more likely health-promoting behaviors are to be maintained over time.
Commitment to a plan of action is less likely to result in the desired behavior when competing demands over which persons have little control require immediate attention. Persons can modify cognitions, affect, and the interpersonal and physical environment to create incentives for health actions.
The major concepts of the Health Promotion Model are individual characteristics and experiences, prior behavior, and the frequency of the similar behavior in the past. Direct and indirect effects on the likelihood of engaging in health-promoting behaviors. Personal factors are categorized as biological, psychological and socio-cultural.
These factors are predictive of a given behavior and shaped by the nature of the target behavior being considered.A health system, also sometimes referred to as health care system or as healthcare system, is the organization of people, institutions, and resources that deliver health care services to meet the health needs of target populations..
There is a wide variety of health systems around the world, with as many histories and organizational structures as there are nations.
Health promotion is as stated in the WHO Ottawa Charter on Health Promotion "the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health.
To reach a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, an individual or group must be able to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change.
Description This series of interactive modules introduces the field of health promotion in Canada. Definitions, concepts, milestones, models, theories, strategies and more, are covered in .
Pediatrics in Practice is a place where you can learn about Bright Futures health promotion, teach bright futures concepts, and practice these health promotion concepts with your patients. It includes the Health Promotion Curriculum for Child Health Professionals which is a health promotion curriculum based on the principles of Bright Futures designed to teach child health educators how to.
Health Promotion Theories Bonnie Raingruber Objectives At the conclusion of this chapter, the student will be able to: Compare and contrast nursing and non-nursing health promotion theories. been identified as one of the earliest and most influential models in health promotion.
/Health Education & BehaviorBandura / Health PromotionARTICLE(April )April Health Promotion by Social Cognitive Means Albert Bandura, PhD This article examines health promotionand disease preventionfromthe perspective of social cognitive the-.