There are five major African initiation rites which are fundamental to human growth and development. These rites were originally established by African ancestors while they were living in order to link the individual to the community and the community to the broader and more potent spiritual world.
Team building is designed to confirm a person's sense of identity and self-esteem, besides improving the ability to work in teams. Most importantly, team building can serve as a defence mechanism against forces that group members might not be able to resist on their own.
This paper attempts to share findings gathered in a research conducted within a Malaysian university classroom setting. This is done through group projects undertaking specific themes and common goals. It will highlight the benefits of team building specifically in promoting multicultural understanding.
The learning experience through team building projects can be relevant and transferable to similar social situations, which the students will encounter, in their future careers. It is divided into two geographical parts: It is indeed Death rituals taboos between kadazan and nation of diversity in unity where various ethnic groups live together to strive for peace, success and harmony.
Considering this demographic background, Malaysia can be seen as a melting pot of various races. These ethnic groups are strikingly different in aspects like religion, culture and lifestyle. They also differ in their cultural practices and taboos.
The majority of Malays, for instance, still hold tightly to Islamic teachings and traditional ways of life especially in celebrating newborns, weddingss, and death rituals.
As for the Chinese, it is important that the whole family meet during New Year's Eve. The Indians in Malaysia show their piety and faith in their religion through the ceremonial practices of thaipusam. This is the time when Indians carry 'kavadi' a kind of ritual piercing to repent their sins.
The indigenous people in Sabah and Sarawak are distinctively different from those in the Peninsula. This is especially true among people living in remote areas which is far from cities.
Most live in longhouses with three or four families living together in one house. In relation to this scenario, events organised throughout the year in Malaysia are aimed to foster unity and multicultural understanding among the people.
Other than events; festivals, language and culture also reflect the unity among Malaysians.
This effort towards multicultural awareness is not only become the responsibility of the government, but also business corporations and universities. At universities, for instance, efforts are made to ensure that students are constantly exposed and infiltrated with ideas about multicultural understanding and diversity awareness through courses, student community projects and classroom activities.
In real life, multiethnic work environments usually promote co-operation and teamwork during daily interactions. What is a team? A team can be defined as a group of people working together on something.
It could be a group of youngsters in a football team, a family making a life for itself, an undergraduate research team unravelling a hidden enigma, or a rescue team saving people from a burning building. Thus, a team is a coordinated group of individuals organized to work together to achieve a specific, common goal.
Beebe and Masterson,p. In the Malaysian teambuilding context, these words by Mansurp. This requires members to understand one another's values and sensitivities as these may have an impact on how they relate to each other.
Why teams are good Organizations like schools, institutions of higher learning and companies have turned to teambuilding due to several reasons.
One of the reasons is teams are more creative and more efficient at solving problems. According to Beebe and Mastersonp. Groups usually make better decisions than individuals working alone, because groups have more approaches to or methods of solving a specific problem.
A group of people with various backgrounds, experiences, and resources can more creatively consider ways to solve a problem than one person can. Besides that, teams generally make higher-quality decisions than individuals. Research clearly documents that "a group with diverse backgrounds, including ethnic diversity, results in better quality ideas.
With more information available, the group is more likely to discuss all sides of an issue and is also more likely to arrive at a better solution".
Beebe and Masterson, This realization on the power of human resource and human capability has made organizations and institutions turn to teams.Death Rituals Taboos between Kadazan and Iban The death rituals between these two cultures very much different especially the way of respecting the dead’s.
First, how the Iban funeral when someone are dead. The first phase in the process is called “pana”. In West Kalimantan, Iban people are even more diverse. The Kantu, Air Tabun, Semberuang, Sebaru, Bugau, Mualang, and many other groups are classed as "Ibanic people" by anthropologists.
They can be related to the Iban either by the dialect they speak or their customs, rituals and their way of life.
Language. Shamanism is a practice that involves a practitioner reaching altered states of consciousness in order to perceive and interact with what they believe to be a spirit world and channel these transcendental energies into this world..
A shaman (/ ˈ ʃ ɑː m ə n / SHAH-men, / ˈ ʃ æ m ə n / or / ˈ ʃ eɪ m ə n /) is someone who is regarded as having access to, and influence in, the world. Peranakan Chinese, or Straits-born Chinese, are the descendants of Chinese immigrants who came to the Malay archipelago including British Malaya (now Malaysia and Singapore, where they are also referred to as Baba-Nyonya) and Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia; where they are also referred as Kiau-Seng) and southern Thailand, primarily in Phuket and Ranong between the 15th and 17th centuries.
Death's finality and the relative lack of firm scientific understanding of its processes for most of human history have led to many different traditions and cultural rituals for dealing with death and remembrance.
Peranakan Chinese, or Straits-born Chinese, are the descendants of Chinese immigrants who came to the Malay archipelago including British Malaya (now Malaysia and Singapore, where they are also referred to as Baba-Nyonya) and Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia; where they are also referred as Kiau-Seng) and southern Thailand, primarily in Phuket and Ranong between the 15th and 17th centuries.